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email: info@accqsleeplabs.com

 

Types of Sleep Disorders

There are over 96 different diagnosable sleep disorders. Here’s a look at some of the most common sleep disorders:

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Obstructive Sleep Apnea results from a blockage in the airway causing a pause or cessation of airflow. These “events” are caused by the collapse of the soft tissue at the rear of the throat (obstructive events) or failure of the brain to send a signal to the muscles to breath (central events). With each event, the brain causes you to momentarily awake in order for the body to resume breathing. These events can occur many times an hour leading to fragmented and poor quality of sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is common in men and women of all ages and can also be present in children and adolescents. Common symptoms include; snoring, waking up gasping for air or feeling like you are choking, frequent awakenings, waking up with a dry mouth or headache, daytime sleepiness, depression and weight gain. Left untreated, OSA can cause high blood pressure and other cardiovascular disease, increased risk for stroke, diabetes and obesity, decreased quality of life and memory problems and increase risk of motor vehicle crashes. Treatment options exist and if you are diagnosed with OSA, your Sleep Medicine Specialist will discuss all available options with you.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS)

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) commonly presents as chronic daytime sleepiness, snoring and brief but frequent arousals during sleep. Similar to OSA, there are often reccurring breathing events during sleep caused by the narrowing of the airway which results in an increased effort to breathe during sleep. Treatment options exist for UARS and your sleep Sleep Medicine Specialist will discuss all available options with you.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD)

A sleep disorder which involves repetitive movement of the limbs during sleep and may be associated with arousal activity in the brain during sleep. Some patients diagnosed with Periodic limb movement during sleep may also have Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) which occurs during the daytime.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Restless leg syndrome (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder that presents as an uncontrollable sensation in the arms or legs. This sensation is often described by patients as creeping, crawling, itching or tingling sensations which is sometimes relieved by moving or stretching. RLS occurs while the patient is awake however is often associated with Periodic Limb Movement Disorder.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Narcolepsy

This is a rare but chronic sleep disorder which presents most commonly as overwhelming daytime sleepiness, despite adequate nighttime sleep. Sudden desire to sleep, commonly referred to as “sleep attacks” occur with or without warning and may be irresistible. They can occur occasional or many times in a day and often occur at inappropriate times and places. Other classic symptoms of narcolepsy include: cataplexy (sudden loss of muscle function), sleep paralysis (inability to talk or move upon waking or falling asleep) and hypnagogic hallucinations (vivid, dream like episodes that occur as you are falling asleep). Narcolepsy occurs in both men and women and often runs in families. It is diagnosed by a combination of overnighte and daytime tests performed in the sleep labs, as well as clinical symptoms identified by Sleep Medicine Specialists. Treatment options are available and if diagnosed, would be carefully discussed with the Sleep Medicine Specialist.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder

REM Sleep Behaviour disorder is associated with increased muscle tone during REM sleep. This results in the ability for the individual to “act out their dreams” or engage in movements or abnormal activity during sleep. This can be especially dangerous for bed partners, as there is a chance for serious injury to occur. REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder is also a very good predictor of Parkinson’s disease.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Insomnia

Insomnia refers to a person’s inability to initiate sleep, waking up frequently during the night or waking up to early in the morning. Often, patients report unrefreshing sleep or waking up tired. There are different types of insomnia

  • Transient or intermittent insomnia typically occurs as a result of a stressful life event, poor sleep conditions, side effects from medications or other medical conditions or sleep/wake cycle problems such as jet leg.
  • Chronic insomnia is more complex and occurs when sleep disruption is present for at least 3 nights a week for a minimum of one month. In some cases, insomnia may be the result of an underlying sleep disorder such as OSAS, UARS or periodic limb movement.
Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Circadian Rhythm Disorder

Your circadian rhythm is a biological process that is driven by internal mechanisms and external stimulus, mostly driven by sunlight; for example, wake-sleep cycle. Circadian Rhythm Disorder encompasses a variety of different events such as sleep phase delay or sleep phase advancement; the term “Jet Lag” falls under both of these descriptions. Jet lag is usually temporary and not considered a sleep disorder, however, sleep phase delay/advancement becomes a concern when it is persistent. In today’s technologically driven society, phase delay is an increasing problem especially with adolescents, due to the presence of many illuminated devices (i.e. cell phones, computers, televisions); phase delay is increased with the presence of illuminated devices in the bedroom. This may present an adolescent who has difficulty falling asleep at an appropriate time or being difficult to awake in the morning.

Does this sound familiar?

Download a referral form at the bottom of this page to take to into your doctor for a sleep study.

Are you ready for a good night sleep?

How can we help?

We diagnose and treat a wide variety of sleep related medical disorders. Check out the different kinds of sleep studies we use to investigate your symptoms and sleep disorders.

What we do.

We are dedicated to providing the highest quality of care to each patient assessed in our facilities. Our goal is to make your experience in the sleep laboratory as pleasant and as comfortable as possible.

When we do it.

We are open 7 days a week, allowing you to book a diagnostic appointment that meets the needs of your schedule.

Where we are.

We have 2 convenient locations to serve you. Our labs are located in: Paris and Owen Sound